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Hypertension symptoms: Health : Nigerialog.com - Nigeria's Premier Online Forum
Nigerialog.com - Nigeria's Premier Online Forum
April 29, 2018, 01:47:11 AM
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a health condition that can increase the risk of heart disease , stroke and death.
Blood pressure is the force of blood pressing against the walls of the arteries . When it’ s too high , it raises the heart’s workload and can cause serious damage to the arteries . Over time , uncontrolled high blood pressure increases the risk of heart disease , stroke and kidney disease .
High blood pressure is sometimes called a silent killer because it may have no outward symptoms for years . In fact, one in five people with the condition do not know they have it. Internally , it can quietly damage the heart, lungs , blood vessels, brain and kidneys if left untreated . It is a major risk factor for strokes and heart attacks .
Normal blood pressure readings will fall below 120 / 80 , while higher results over time can indicate hypertension . The top number ( systolic ) shows the pressure when the heart beats . The lower number ( diastolic ) measures pressure at rest between heartbeats, when the heart refills with blood .
Occasionally , kidney or adrenal gland disease can lead to hypertension .
You have high blood pressure if readings average140 / 90 or higher – for either number – though you may still have no symptoms . At 180 / 110 and higher , you may be having a hypertensive crisis . Rest for a few minutes and take your blood pressure again .
If it is still very high , see a doctor immediately . A hypertensive crisis can lead to a stroke , heart attack, kidney damage , or loss of consciousness .
Symptoms of a hypertensive crisis can include a severe headache , anxiety , nosebleeds and feeling short of breath .
Up to the age of 45 , more men have high blood pressure than women . It becomes more common for both men and women as they age , and more women have hypertension by the time they reach 65 . You have a greater risk if a close family member has high blood pressure or if you are diabetic .
About 60 per cent of people with diabetes have high blood pressure .
Sodium , a major component of salt , can raise blood pressure by causing the body to retain fluid , which leads to a greater burden on the heart . Medical experts recommend eating less than 1,500 milligrams of sodium per day . You will need to check food labels and menus carefully. Processed foods make up the majority of our sodium intake . Canned soups and lunch -meats are prime suspects .
The stress factor
Stress can make one’s blood pressure spike, but there ’ s no evidence that it causes high blood pressure as an ongoing condition . However , stress may affect risk factors for heart disease , so it may have an indirect connection to hypertension .
Stress may lead to other unhealthy habits such as a poor diet , alcohol use, or smoking, which can contribute to high blood pressure and heart disease .
Also , being overweight places a strain on the heart and increases your risk of high blood pressure . That is why diets to lower blood pressure are often also designed to control calories .
They typically call for cutting fatty foods and added sugars , while increasing fruits , vegetables , lean protein , and fiber. Even losing 10 pounds can make a difference .
Drinking too much alcohol can increase your blood pressure . If you drink , limit the amount to no more than two drinks a day for men, or one a day for women .
While hypertension is more often a problem for older people , even children can have high blood pressure . ‘Normal ’ blood pressure varies based on a child ’s age , height , and sex, so your doctor will need to tell you if there is a concern.
Children are at greater risk if they are overweight, diabetic or have a family history of hypertension .
Re: Hypertension symptoms
April 29, 2018, 01:52:41 AM
People need to watch out for signs of hypertension because it is a silent killer. It comes and claim lives without clear signs. Diet and lifestyle are key factors that one should consider as ways of checking this disease.
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